Tag Archive for: chapter 7 vs. chapter 13

Will My Car Be Repossessed If I File for Bankruptcy?

Depending on where you live, it’s often a necessity to own a car for work, school, and other daily necessities. When you’re struggling to make ends meet, you might fall behind on your vehicle payments in addition to some other credit accounts. Having your car repossessed would make a stressful situation even worse. 

Repossession of a vehicle can be upsetting under any circumstances. If you are thinking about filing for bankruptcy, can the lender still repossess your car? And, if your car has already been repossessed, will bankruptcy help you get it back? Here’s what you need to know. 

Filing Bankruptcy to Save Your Car

Car loans use the vehicle as collateral, meaning the lender has the right to repossess the property if you don’t make your payments. In fact, vehicle repossession can happen as soon as missing two car payments. 

If you file bankruptcy before a lender repossesses your car, this will put an automatic stay on debt collectors. Repossession proceedings will stop. But bankruptcy isn’t a means to get a free car. 

Bankruptcy, whether you file Chapter 7 or Chapter 13, will give you relief from unsecured debt. A car loan is considered secured debt. In most cases, the debt relief you receive will help free up cash so that you can catch up on your loan payments and save your car. But neither type of bankruptcy will help you keep a vehicle that you can’t afford. That said, the type of personal bankruptcy you file could impact how much you have to pay. 

Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

You may be able to work with your lender in some situations to refinance or modify your loan. If you can come to an agreement with your lender during the Chapter 7 bankruptcy process, you will likely need to sign a reaffirmation agreement outlining the new terms. When you sign this form after you file for bankruptcy, the lender has “refreshed” their right to repossess the vehicle if you don’t adhere to your end of the deal. 

Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

Chapter 13 bankruptcy involves a repayment plan that lasts anywhere from three to five years. Your vehicle loan can be included in this plan, giving you reduced payments at a lower interest rate. This can make your car more affordable and less likely to get repossessed. 

Using Redemption or Reinstatement After Repossession

Assuming your car has already been repossessed, you may or may not be able to get it back through the bankruptcy process. If you do nothing or wait too long, the vehicle will be sold at auction. If it is sent to auction and the lender gets less than you owe for it, you’ll be presented with a loan deficiency, which is a bill for the difference. Again, the type of bankruptcy you file can impact your situation with a car that’s already been repossessed. 

Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

If you want to get the car back and it’s still available, you will need to pay what you owe to the lender. You may also have the opportunity to reaffirm the loan and negotiate more favorable terms. 

If you don’t want the car back or it’s already been sold, you can include the vehicle loan deficiency in your bankruptcy. It becomes an unsecured debt, meaning you’ll likely be able to get it discharged. 

Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

If your vehicle has been repossessed and you want it back, Chapter 13 is also an option. But it only makes sense if you are also filing to keep your home and other valuable assets. With this type of bankruptcy, you will negotiate an affordable payment plan with your creditors over the next three to five years. 

Protecting Your Car Equity in Personal Bankruptcy

When you file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy and wish to keep your vehicle, you also have to be concerned with your car’s equity. You are only permitted to keep so much property in a Chapter 7 bankruptcy. Otherwise, the trustee will sell non-exempt items to raise cash for creditors. 

Most states have motor vehicle exemptions allowing you to keep a certain amount of a car’s equity. You may also be able to use part of a wildcard exemption to meet the requirement to keep your vehicle. 

If you have overdue payments or equity you are unable to protect, you may be better off filing for Chapter 13 bankruptcy. You can catch up on your payments with the repayment plan and maintain possession of the car. 

If you are concerned about your transportation options or have questions about a vehicle repossession, an experienced bankruptcy attorney can give you the information you need. Gulf Coast Bankruptcy Attorney is dedicated to providing residents of the Gulf Coast with the resources necessary to make informed decisions about their financial future. 

What is the Difference Between Chapter 7 and Chapter 13? 

If you’re struggling financially and have tried things like credit counseling or selling off some assets, you may be considering bankruptcy as your next option. Do a little more research, and you’ll soon discover that there are several different types of bankruptcy available to individuals: Chapter 7 and Chapter 13. Before you can move forward, you’ll want to understand the differences between Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 bankruptcy, so you make the right choice. 

What is Chapter 7 Bankruptcy?

Chapter 7 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code is intended for people with limited assets, income, or both. To qualify for Chapter 7, you must pass a means test showing that your income falls below an established number for your state. Even if you don’t pass the means test at first glance, you may still be able to qualify. If you are able to file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, you will be able to wipe out your unsecured debts like medical bills and credit cards. 

How Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Works

As soon as you file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, the court will assign a trustee to your case. One of the trustee’s duties is to liquidate some of your assets to pay off creditors. Some of the property that a trustee can liquidate includes:

  • Bank accounts
  • Cash
  • Investments
  • A second home
  • A second vehicle

Some of your assets will be safe from liquidation due to exemptions available under Chapter 7 bankruptcy. These vary by state. For example, in Mississippi, a person can exempt $10,000 of certain types of personal property during bankruptcy. 

What is Chapter 13 Bankruptcy?

Chapter 13 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code restructures debt and can also wipe some of it clean to give you a more manageable financial outcome. You won’t be asked to liquidate any assets with Chapter 13 bankruptcy because the court will require that you continue to make payments on your debts. This type of bankruptcy works best for people who have steady income, want to avoid asset liquidation, and don’t qualify for Chapter 7. 

How Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Works

When you file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy, you will be assigned a trustee who will help you create a payment plan for your debts as well as schedule a meeting with your creditors. The repayment period for a Chapter 13 bankruptcy lasts from three to five years. Your plan’s terms will depend on your debts and income. Once you complete the repayment plan, any remaining debts will be completely discharged. 

Similarities Between Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

If you are trying to make up your mind between filing for Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 bankruptcy, you’ll be happy to know that both have several similarities. Among them are:

Automatic Stay

If you’re in financial trouble, you are probably being harassed by creditors or collection agencies. Both types of bankruptcy include an automatic stay which prohibits any creditor from attempting to collect a debt. They must also stop any repossession, foreclosure, or garnishment actions. 

Discharge of Debt

Both types of bankruptcy will help you eliminate unsecured debt. But you will have to continue paying your debts with Chapter 13 bankruptcy for several years before you can receive a discharge. 

Protection of Property

You get protection of income and property with both Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 bankruptcy. Both offer exemptions, such as a home or car, that won’t be included in your bankruptcy. 

Differences Between Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

It’s important to understand that there are several key differences between Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 bankruptcy. Among the main differences are:


Qualifying for bankruptcy is different with Chapter 7 versus Chapter 13. You must pass a means test with Chapter 7. But this isn’t a requirement with Chapter 13. 

Time to Discharge

When you file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, your case can be concluded, and your unsecured debts wiped out in just a few months. With Chapter 13 bankruptcy, you must wait three to five years to get a bankruptcy discharge. 

Repayment of Debts

You won’t be required to make any additional payment on your debts with Chapter 7 bankruptcy after liquidation and discharge. But you will have to continue to make agreed-upon payments with Chapter 13 for multiple years. 

At Gulf Coast Bankruptcy Attorney, our mission is to provide those who are struggling with debt the information they need to make informed decisions about their financial future.